Your health care provider will likely ask you for a description and history of your swallowing difficulties, perform a physical examination, and use various tests to find the cause of your swallowing problem.
Tests can include:
- X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray)
- Dynamic swallowing study
- A visual examination of your esophagus (endoscopy)
- Fiber-optic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES)
- Esophageal muscle test (manometry)
- Imaging scans
Your doctor might recommend a capsule endoscopy procedure to:
Surgery might be needed to relieve swallowing problems caused by throat narrowing or blockages, including bony outgrowths, vocal cord paralysis, pharyngoesophageal diverticula, GERD and achalasia, or to treat esophageal cancer. Speech and swallowing therapy is usually helpful after surgery.
The type of surgical treatment depends on the cause of dysphagia. Some examples are: